Developing an understanding of Numbers and Counting is a requisite for comprehending complex mathematical concepts.
While most traditional educational institutions promote the development of mathematical concepts based on rote memorization, The Montessori Method of education takes a more hands-on approach.
The Montessori Method of education is a unique pedagogical tool that promotes auto-didactic education and hands-on learning to promote holistic development in children.
The Montessori Prepared Environment provides children with specifically designed materials and activities that isolate as well as simplify complex concepts.
Although number counting is often taught to children with the help of memorization, the Montessori Method of education allows children to develop an understanding of numbers.
The acquaintance with numbers and understanding of counting is also facilitated with the help of such Montessori tangibles and activities.
If you are a parent, educator, or an immediate caregiver, who wants to incorporate Montessori Counting activities and Materials into your child’s curriculum, look no further.
Here is everything you should know about numbers and counting in Montessori, to help your child develop a firm foundation for forthcoming mathematical concepts.
Mathematics, Numbers, and Montessori:
According to Dr. Maria Montessori children are able to develop an understanding of Mathematical concepts based on their perceptual awareness and developed senses.
The education of Mathematical concepts in Montessori is always facilitated by concrete and tangible materials.
Children are provided with unique Montessori Materials to help isolate and simplify abstract mathematical concepts such as numbers to help the child develop a firm foundation for future concepts.
Traditionally numbers and counting are often taught to children with medium rote memorization.
The Montessori Method of education takes a more intimate and hands-on approach, by incorporating Montessori Mathematical materials that allow the child to correspond between the names, the numerals, and the quantities of numbers.
Ideally, Mathematics in Montessori is taught by using materials such as number rods, beads, and cards.
So how is counting taught in Montessori?
The Montessori Method of education is widely accepted for its unconventional and eccentric methods of teaching that promote holistic development in children.
The Montessori Mathematics curriculum helps children comprehend abstract mathematical concepts by attaching concrete materials to facilitate visual, tactical, fine motor, and cognitive development.
Counting and numbers in Montessori classrooms are facilitated by a myriad of specifically developed Montessori Materials and Activities.
The Materials and Activities in Montessori are often introduced in a strategic and systematic order to allow the child to develop an intimate understanding of complex mathematical concepts.
What are the characteristics of Montessori Math Activities?
The chief characteristics of Montessori Mathematics Activities are based on three main concepts: Quantity, Numbers, and the relationship between said quantity and numbers.
Here is a list of characteristics of Montessori Mathematics activities:
- Should promote coordination
- Control of Error
- Builds Concentration
- Promotes the use of tangible Montessori materials
- Brings about a sense of order
- Should isolate each concept
- Builds the child’s confidence
- Promotes the child to become independent
A list of Montessori Math Counting Materials and Activities:
There is a diverse range of Montessori Materials incorporated into the pedagogy that promotes auto-didactic education.
Montessori Materials for counting provide children with one-to-one correspondence which allows them to point out a particular object at a time.
Not only do these materials promote cognitive and academic development in children, but they also promote the development of fine motor skills.
Montessori Materials are introduced to the child in a specific sequence to allow the child to develop an intimate understanding of the numerals.
Here is a list of Montessori Counting Materials that eliminated the requirement of memorization and promote children to develop an intimate understating of numbers:
1. Montessori Number Rods:
Montessori Number Rods are a fun and engaging Montessori Material that is generally integrated into the Montessori Mathematics Materials.
The dimensions of measurements of the Montessori Number Rods are exactly similar to Montessori Red Rods.
Ideally, Montessori Red Rods consist of 10 blue and red color-coded wooden rods that have a width of 2.5cm by 2.5cm and a height that increases in terms of length from 10cm to 100cm.
While working with Montessori Number Rods, children can quantify different measurements and develop an intimate knowledge of the concept of units.
The main purpose of the Montessori Number Rods is to help children associate the names of the numbers with their respective quantities as well as help children understand the sequencing of measurements and quantities.
Activities involving Montessori Number Rods help children visually discriminate between measurements and quantities.
Montessori Number Rods help children comprehend how each number rod is able to represent a unique quantity and that each quantity represented by the rods is unique as well as signifies the whole unit.
2. Montessori Sandpaper Numerals:
This Montessori Mathematics Material is manufactured from sandpaper which is mounted on wooden tablets.
The Material fashions 0 to 9 mathematical numerals that familiarize children with the concept of numbers and help the children recognize as well as discriminate between different numbers.
This Montessori Math material promotes children to identify and associate the numerals with their names.
3. Montessori Spindle Boxes:
The Montessori Spindle boxes consist of wooden sticks that are contained in wooden boxes.
There are in total of two boxes that incorporate 5 compartments each that fashion mathematical numerals 0 to 9.
The first box compartment incorporates numerals 0 to 4 and the latter houses numerals 5 to 9 in a proper sequence.
These boxes come in pairs with identical compartments, 45 spindles, and 8 colored ribbons.
The main aim of this interactive Montessori Math Material is to help the child comprehend as well as distinguish different mathematical numerals by placing the precise amount of wooden sticks in the designated compartments.
The Montessori Spindle Boxes prepare children for future concepts such as addition and subtraction, as well as it also allows the child to comprehend the concept of zero.
4. Montessori Bead Stairs:
Montessori Bead Stairs or Montessori Short Bead Stairs are quintessential Montessori Mathematics Material that is incorporated into the Montessori Mathematics Curriculum.
These beads are an archetypal Montessori material that provides children with a multisensory experience.
Montessori Bead Stairs are a colorful, interactive, and engaging set of colored bars that represent numeral values ranging from 1 to 9.
According to the AMI Trainers, the standard diameter of Montessori Bead Stairs should be 7mm each.
Each Bead is aligned on a wire and must be spherical in shape with equal diameters as well as dimensions.
Here is a list of components Montessori Bead Stairs integrate:
- Red Bead
- Green Beads
- Peach Beads
- yellow Beads
- Light blue Beads
- Lavender Beads
- White Beads
- Brown Beads
- Dark Blue Beads
Montessori Bead Chains are a colorful, engaging, and definitely irresistible Montessori Material that simplifies complex Mathematical concepts for children.
The chief purpose of Montessori Bead stairs is to help children identify, associate, comprehend and analyze quantities ranging from numerals 1 to 9.
These bead stairs provide children with appropriate sensorial stimuli and promote them to recognize different dimensions, lengths, quantities, as well as values.
5. Montessori Golden Beads:
Learn more about Montessori Golden Beads: https://mymontessorimoments.com/montessori-golden-beads/
Montessori Golden Beads are a quintessential Montessori Mathematics Material and are a brilliant way of introducing the child to mathematical concepts.
Montessori Golden Beads are simplified and tactile representations of mathematical concepts in reference to unities, quantities, and dimensions.
This Montessori Material is a concrete representation of quantities and units that help children visualize the numerals thousands, hundred, as well as ones.
The beads of Montessori Golden Beads are of the same circumference and dimensions that are meticulously arranged on a metal wire.
Here is a list of components this wonderful Montessori Material incorporates:
- A wooden box containing Montessori Golden Beads
- A single golden bead representing the unit or numeral 1
- A single bar of beads representing unit 10
- A square composed of ten bead bars aligned next to each other to represent the unit 100
- A cube composed of hundred bead bars arranged to represent the unit 100
One of the chief aims of Montessori Golden Beads is to help children recognize and identify different quantities or units by developing appropriate muscle memory.
This innovative material also helps children gain an insight into the complex world of the decimal system by allowing them to visually and physically categorize the material.
While partaking in Montessori Activities involving Montessori Golden Beads children are promoted to take mental notes of each quantity which helps them develop a firm foundation of forthcoming concepts.
6. Montessori Cards and Counters:
Lastly, The Montessori Cards and counters are another innovative Montessori Math material that encourages children to develop an understanding of mathematics from a very young age.
Montessori Cards and Counters are presented to the child during the second half of the primary stage.
This Montessori Math Material is simple and incorporates two components, wooden number cards and red dots representing counters.
The main purpose of this Montessori Material is to promote one-to-one correspondence like the spindle boxes and allows the child to associate numerals with quantities.
Are Montessori Counting Activities and Materials Effective?
The answer to this question is sweet and simple, yes Montessori Counting activities and materials are highly effective.
Not only do these activities and materials provide the child with an auto-didactic educational experience but also acquaint the child with the concept of numerals.
Unlike traditional educational approaches, the Montessori Method provides them with tangible representations of arbitrary, abstract, and complex mathematical concepts.
Montessori counting activities and materials promote children to develop a firm foundation of abstract concepts and experiment as they learn.
Experimenting, analyzing, and problem-solving allow children to understand the concepts of quantities all the while enjoying as they learn.