Math Montessori Materials

Mathematics is an integral aspect of one’s life. In oblivion, all of us utilize these mathematical concepts in our day-to-day tasks, in fact, these mathematical concepts contribute to most of our skills and habits. From birth, the child has to tackle mathematical concepts like age, quantity, or numerics. The laws of mathematics govern the environment around us and without an acute understanding of these fundamental concepts one might face substantial challenges in life. 

Montessori Method of Education is a unique pedagogical that can help developing minds comprehend abstract and complex mathematical concepts through autonomous collaborative play and hands-on learning. The Montessori Prepared Environment encourages developing children to explore new possibilities by using manipulative Montessori Materials.  The Montessori Mathematics curriculum helps children comprehend abstract mathematical concepts by attaching concrete materials to facilitate visual, tactical, fine motor, and cognitive development. 

Sometimes Montessori Mathematics Materials may appear to be similar to several common mathematical apparatus to individuals who are not acquainted with Montessori. But these materials are far from common, Montessori Mathematical Materials integrate a diverse range of materials and apparatus to facilitate effective education. Here is everything one should know about these peculiar Montessori Materials.

What are the chief characteristics of Montessori Mathematics Materials?

Upon entering into the world of Montessori Education, one may find several Montessori Materials that are prescribed for different subjects. Here are the chief characteristics of the Montessori Mathematics Curriculum:

  • Promotes control of error
  • Moves in sequence: from simple concepts to complex concepts
  • Meant for both concrete and abstract concepts
  • Easy to use Manipulatives
  • Designed to facilitate specific purposes. 
  • Consistent
  • Tangible medium for abstract concepts 

Learn more about Montessori Mathematics Materials: 

List of different Montessori Materials for Mathematical development:

Montessori Mathematics Materials are used in Montessori classrooms to facilitate effective and interactive education for a diverse age range. Here is a list of Montessori Mathematics Materials based on different ages.  

  1. Binomial Cube: (6 years) 

The Binomial Cube is Montessori sensorial material that consists of a number of colored blocks that have to be arranged in a specific order. The binomial cube consists of 1 red-colored cube, 3 black, and red prisms, 3 black and blue prisms, as well as one blue cube. These pieces are stored in a wooden box with a colored pattern painted on it. 

  1. Trinomial cube: (6 to 7 years)

The Trinomial Cube is similar to the Binomial Cube but represents the algebraic formula of (a+b+c)3. The box of a Trinomial Cube includes 1 red cube, 6 black and red prisms, 1 blue cube, 6 black, and blue prisms, 1 yellow cube, 6 black and yellow prisms as well as 6 black prisms all of which vary in size. 

  1. Golden Beads: (4.5 to 6 years)

The Golden beads in the Montessori method are of the same size. These beads help the child understand units, quantities, decimals of tens, hundreds, and thousands. 

  1. Geometric Cabinet (3 to 4 years) 

The geometric cabinet is a wooden box that consists of 6 drawers. Each drawer has a different geometric shape along with wooden tiles to go along. The wooden tiles have knobs to lift the tile out.
First drawer: comprises of 6 circles of different diameters.
Second drawer: comprises of 1 rectangle and 5 squares
Third drawer: comprises of 6 triangles
Fourth drawer: comprises of 6 polygons
Fifth drawer: comprises of 6 quadrilaterals
Sixth drawers: comprises of curved figures like a curvilinear triangle, oval, ellipse, quatrefoil. 

  1. Constructive Triangles: (6 years) 

The constructive triangles facilitate both sensorial and geometric stimulation. This sensorial material usually comes in 5 to 6 boxes that comprise different shapes and types of triangles.

  1. Number Rods: (4 years)

This Montessori Mathematics material incorporates a set of 10 wooded rods the shortest rod being 10cm long in length and the rest of the rods increasing 10cm consecutively. These rods introduce the concept of numbers and counting to children. 

  1. Sandpaper Numerals: (4 years)

 This Montessori Mathematics Material is manufactured from sandpaper which is mounted on wooden tablets. The Material fashions 0 to 9 mathematical numerals that familiarize children with the concept of numbers and help the children recognize as well as discriminate between different numbers.