The Montessori Method of education is a unique and playful approach to imparting holistic education to developing children.
The Montessori Method is more than just books and traditional curricula, it is a pathway for children to achieve optimum excellence in relation to their cognitive, sensorial, physical, social, and emotional attritbutes.
One of the main goals of the Montessori method is the education of the senses. The senses are the gateway to knowledge especially during the first six years of the child’s life. Specific materials were developed by Dr. Maria Montessori to facilitate the education of the senses.
The incorporation of Montessori sensorial materials in the curriculum encourages the child to become aware, attentive, engaged, and entertained in the classroom.
The child is highly receptive to gathering information and knowledge from the surrounding environment.
The Montessori Sensorial Materials are designed to provide appropriate stimuli for developing children that inspire their natural curiosity.
Montessori Education along with sensorial the children are also promoted to make use of toys. The Montessori toys are toys that align with the Montessori Philosophy.
Toys in the Montessori Prepared Environment encourage the child to learn through experimenting. Unlike traditional toys, The Montessori toys are not flashy or noisy that might overwhelm the child.
Montessori toys should be:
- Easy to Hold
- Easy to Handle
- Easy to Touch
- Should be child-friendly.
Based on Montessori Principles the Toys should be made from naturally sourced materials like wood, bamboo, steel, glass, and cotton.
The Montessori Toys should also facilitate the development of fine motor skills in children from a young age. The Montessori Toys should only provide sensorial education and not make the child feel overwhelmed.
Traditional toys help the child provide children with specific direction with only one possible outcome, on the other hand, Montessori toys unlike other toys have multiple outcomes that a child is able to discover these outcomes through trial and error.
It can be confusing to choose Montessori toys for their playrooms. Parents Should be aware of the basic characteristics of the Montessori toys before they choose the right toys for their children.
Characteristics of Montessori Toys:
The Montessori toys just like other Montessori Materials are developed based on key Montessori Principles.
Montessori toys should develop a sense of natural curiosity. The Montessori Toys help the child develop by improving one skill at a time.
The characteristics of Montessori toys parents should keep in mind before investing their money are:
Sometimes flashy, noisy, colorful, and complex toys can overwhelm the child.
The main purpose of Montessori toys provides the child with just the right amount of sensory stimulation that can keep the child engaged and attentive.
These toys are developed to facilitate the child with organized information.
The Montessori toys should be:
- of solid colors
- should not comprise too many moving parts
- should not be too flashy as well as noisy.
During the first six years, the child is unable to differentiate between fantasy and reality.
The child should be provided with toys based on real-life to develop the child’s imagination as well as secure the child’s relationship with the world.
The parents should choose toys for their children that teach the child about cause and effect.
- Natural Materials:
The Montessori Method of education prohibits the use of plastic and synthetic materials.
Montessori toys should be made with:
- Polished wood
- Stainless steel
- Shatterproof glass
- Functionality and Independence:
Montessori toys should be concrete materials that require the child to actively participate.
Montessori toys don’t have multiple and complex parts that might confuse or overstimulate the child.
The toys should be:
- Easy to manipulate
- Hold and interact with
- Facilitate the development of the child’s decision-making skills and independence.
They Should willingly pick up the toys and interact with the toys on their own terms.
How to Choose Montessori Toys:
Looking for Montessori toys can be hard and confusing when one does not know where to start.
There are no specifically designed “Montessori Toys”, but that does not mean parents cannot incorporate Montessori toys in their child’s playroom.
Montessori toys are basically toys that align with the basic principles and values of the Montessori Philosophy.
Parents can find such toys if they look for toys manufactured from naturally sourced materials that aid in the emphasis on child-directed as well as child-centered learning.
After understanding the basic principles of Montessori Toys, Parents should look for toys that are mainly simple, minimal, aesthetically pleasing, and functional.
- Natural materials:
According to Dr. Maria Montessori Nature inspires a child’s inner curiosity. The Montessori method of education promotes the use of natural materials and items.
The toys should not be made of plastic or synthetic materials, rather with materials like:
These toys can be easily spotted in stores.
- Colors and Textures:
The Montessori method of education promotes simplicity.
The toys should have too many colors that might overstimulate the child. Simple solid-colored toys can do the job.
Parents can also go for toys with multiple textures to stimulate the child’s tactile senses and keep the child entertained as well as engaged.
Parents should choose different shaped toys to keep the child interested. Choosing toys with interesting shapes and multiple surfaces can expand the child’s imagination.
The incorporation of different shapes also familiarizes the child with basic geometry and refines the child’s fine motor skills.
Toys that are shaped like:
can be used to introduce the child to geometric concepts.
List of Montessori Toys for Different Age Groups:
Montessori Toys can be confusing and difficult to choose when one doesn’t know which toy will best facilitate the child’s needs.
It is important to understand that different ages require different sensorial stimuli.
Here is a list of interesting, exciting, and engaging Montessori Toys based on the needs as well as requirements of different age groups.
- Montessori Toys For Infants: (birth to 6 months)
- Black and white Picture books
- Baby Mobiles or Baby Play Gyms
- Rattles and Shakers made out of wood
- Plush Balls
- Montessori Toys For Infants: (6+ months)
- Baby Self Mirror or Acrylic Mirror
- Textured Balls
- Object Permanence Box
- Child-Safe Instruments
- Play Tunnels
- Montessori Toys For Infants: (12+months)
- Building Blocks
- Vertical Stackers
- Wooden Puzzles
- Animal, Word, Plants, etc Flashcards
- Pop up Toys
- Montessori Toys For Infants: (18+ Months)
- Montessori Knobbed cylinders
- Hammer style toys
- Push toys
- Gardening sets
- Climbing arch
- Pull up toys
- Crystal Mining kit
- Montessori Toys for children: (3+years old)
- Beeswax Block Crayons
- Reading Blocks (alphabetic and phonetic)
- Multiplication Boards
- Peg Boards
- Building and interlocking sets
- Modeling Clay Kits
- Wooden Drum sets
- Practical Life Pieces
- Fruit set
- Small button dressing Frame
- Wooden Lacing Sneaker
- Child-friendly scissors set
- Jumbo Nuts and Bolt Sets
- Montessori Toys For Children: (5 to 8 years old)
- STEM Toys
- Board Games
- Mindware Pattern Play
- Science kits
- Mathematical Board Games
- Circuit Kits
- Mineral Science kit
- World Maps and Globes
- Montessori Tool kits
- Building and constructing kits